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What is xianxia and wuxia

Discussion in ' Novel General ' started by Immortal nightJun 6, Log in. Novel Updates Forum. Tags: confused quesiton. It always confused me what the diffrence between these are. I know that Wuxia stands for Chinese fantasy but is that in a specific genre or overall? Please help clear up my misunderstanding.

Terms of Address in Wuxia, Xianxia & Xuanhuan Novels

Immortal nightJun 6, JaaJiiSialJoans and Vicky01 like this. RreelentlessJun 6, Deleratoranony. Kuchi66Jun 6, Wuxia - is more like a hero Author can assign any what system or power they can have with the influence of foreign elements I personally like Xianxia. Last edited: Jun 6, FrixxJun 6, Wuxia- Low Fantasy - MC is not immortal. They are a bit realistic. Xianxia - High Fantasy - Yep. Shit happens here. Xuanhuan - High Fantasy with western and other elements MC becomes god.It forms part of popular culture in many Chinese-speaking communities around the world.

In some translations, the martial artist is referred to as a "swordsman" or "swordswoman" even though he or she may not necessarily wield a sword. The heroes in wuxia fiction typically do not serve a lord, wield military power, or belong to the aristocratic class. They often originate from the lower social classes of ancient Chinese society. A code of chivalry usually requires wuxia heroes to right and redress wrongs, fight for righteousness, remove oppressors, and bring retribution for past misdeeds.

Even though the term "wuxia" as the name of a genre is a recent coinage, stories about xia date back more than 2, years. Wuxia stories have their roots in some early youxia tales from — BCE. They usually rendered their loyalties and services to feudal lords and nobles in return for rewards such as riches and women.

In Volume of the Shi JiSima Qian detailed several embryonic features of xia culture from his period. These popular phenomena were also documented in other historical records such as the Book of Han and the Book of the Later Han. During the Song dynasty — CEsimilar stories circulated in the huabenshort works that were once thought to have served as prompt-books for shuochang traditional Chinese storytelling.

The genre of the martial or military romance also developed during the Tang dynasty. The former is a romanticised historical retelling of the events in the late Eastern Han dynasty and the Three Kingdoms period, while the latter criticises the deplorable socio-economic status of the late Northern Song dynasty. Water Margin is often seen as the first full-length wuxia novel: the portrayal of the heroesand their code of honour and willingness to become outlaws rather than serve a corrupt government, played an influential role in the development of jianghu culture in later centuries.

Romance of the Three Kingdoms is also seen as a possible early antecedent and contains classic close-combat descriptions that were later emulated by wuxia writers in their works [2] : 20 [10] : 17, Xiayi stories of chivalrous romance, which frequently featured female heroes and supernatural fighting abilities, also surfaced during the Qing dynasty.

The term was brought to China by writers and students who hoped that China would modernise its military and place emphasis on martial virtues, and it quickly became entrenched as the term used to refer to xiayi and other predecessors of wuxia proper.

Many wuxia works produced during the Ming and Qing dynasties were lost due to the governments' crackdown on and banning of such works. Nonetheless, the wuxia genre remained enormously popular with the common people. The modern wuxia genre rose to prominence in the early 20th century after the May Fourth Movement of A new literature evolved, calling for a break with Confucian values, and the xia emerged as a symbol of personal freedom, defiance to Confucian tradition, and rejection of the Chinese family system.

The early 20th century and the period from the s—80s were often regarded as the golden ages of the wuxia genre. Wuxia fiction was banned at various times during the Republican era and these restrictions stifled the growth of the genre. Writers such as Liang Yusheng and Louis Cha Jin Yong spearheaded the founding of a "new school" of the wuxia genre that differed largely from its predecessors.

They wrote serials for newspapers and magazines. They also incorporated several fictional themes such as mystery and romance from other cultures. There have also been works created after the s which attempt to create a post-wuxia genre.

Yu Huaone of the more notable writers from this period, published a counter-genre short story titled Blood and Plum Blossomsin which the protagonist goes on a quest to avenge his murdered father. Modern wuxia stories are largely set in ancient or pre-modern China.

The historical setting can range from being quite specific and important to the story, to being vaguely-defined, anachronistic, or mainly for use as a backdrop. Elements of fantasy, such as the use of magic powers and appearance of supernatural beings, are common in some wuxia stories but are not a prerequisite of the wuxia genre. However, the martial arts element is a definite part of a wuxia tale, as the characters must know some form of martial arts. Themes of romance are also strongly featured in some wuxia tales.

A typical wuxia story features a young male protagonist who experiences a tragedy — such as the loss of his loved ones — and goes on to undertake several trials and tribulations to learn several forms of martial arts from various fighters.

At the end of the story, he emerges as a powerful fighter whom few can equal. He uses his abilities to follow the code of xia and mends the ills of the jianghu.Fictional stories about regular humans who can achieve supernatural fighting ability through Chinese martial arts training and internal energy cultivation. Protagonists usually attempt to cultivate to Immortality, seeking eternal life and the pinnacle of strength.

Heavily inspired by Daoism.

what is xianxia and wuxia

Other Chinese novel categories not discussed in this glossary can be found here and here. Determines which type of reincarnation out of the Six Paths they will experience in their next life.

According to Daoismit is the absolute principle underlying the universe, combining within itself the principles of Yin and Yang and signifying the way, or code of behavior, that is in harmony with the natural order.

In these novels, characters often try to gain insights into the Dao, which can give them supernatural powers or even control over aspects of the natural world.

The fundamental elements which compose everything in the universe. They have a detailed cyclic relationship, and each of them have several symbolic meanings.

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Somewhat analogous to the Western Four Elements. They have magical powers, can fly freely through the air, and have a close connection to the Dao and the natural world. But other than that, they typically also have a close connection to the natural world and similar magical powers achieved through cultivation. Very generally speaking, Saints appear more often in Xuanhuan novels while Immortals appear more often in Xianxia novels.

Some are innately magical and simply grow stronger over time, while others must actively practice a cultivation method.

what is xianxia and wuxia

They tend to be much more intelligent than mundane animals, and some are capable of speaking in human languages. Magical Beasts which have reached a high stage of cultivation may even be able to take on a human form. Born when an animal, plant, or even an inanimate object absorbs spiritual energy over a long period of time and then gains spiritual awareness.

Not inherently evil, although many have antagonistic relationships with humans. Similar to the demons and devils of Western mythology.

In some novels, evil cultivators emulate them by practicing devilish cultivation methods and committing atrocities in their pursuit of power.


Ghosts are strongly Yin in nature. A section of society consisting of martial artists, gangsters, thieves, beggars, prostitutes, merchants, entertainers, and anyone else wanting to operate outside of mainstream society or in the grey area of the law.To vote on existing books from the list, beside each book there is a link vote for this book clicking it will add that book to your votes. To vote on books not in the list or books you couldn't find in the list, you can click on the tab add books to this list and then choose from your books, or simply search.

Discover new books on Goodreads. Sign in with Facebook Sign in options. Join Goodreads. Novels that involve Wuxia or Xianxia, that is, superhuman or supernatural martial arts, usually set in Ancient China. Will Wight Goodreads Author.

Glossary of Terms in Wuxia, Xianxia & Xuanhuan Novels

Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Wo Chi Xi Hong Shi. Er Gen. Chris Vines Goodreads Author. Mark McCants. Heesung Nam.

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Mad Snail. Dixon Goodreads Author. Mars Gravity.

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TurtleMe Goodreads Author. Jin Yong. Kindhearted Bee. Zen Cho Goodreads Author. Man Wang Zazhi. Goodreads Author. Lucky Old Cat. Kirill Klevanski Goodreads Author. Tinalynge Goodreads Author.There are many ancient Chinese texts that could sometimes be classified as xianxia, such as the Classic of Mountains and Seas from the Warring States periodor the Legend of the White Snake.

It was popularized outside of China primarily by fan translations in the early s. Later, official licensed translations began to be published by websites such as Wuxiaworld. The fictional cultivation practiced in xianxia is heavily based on the real-life meditation practice Qigong.

The stories usually include elements such as gods, immortals, demons, devils, ghosts, monsters, magical treasures, immortal items, medicinal pills, and the like. Oftentimes, the initial setting is reminiscent of Ancient China, but the stories usually become cosmic in nature, with the protagonists attaining godlike abilities, sometimes creating their own planets, galaxies or universes.

While the primary focus is action and adventure, there are also romance-heavy stories. Perhaps one of the earliest successful xianxia movies was the Hong Kong film Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountainwhich was followed up by the film The Legend of Zu.

what is xianxia and wuxia

Overall, television shows are more numerous than films when it comes to xianxia adaptations. The already existing fandom of xianxia, and other fantasy novels has lead to most new television and film titles to be adaptions and their warm reception by fans, along with increased exposure and high rates of anticipation. Xian literally means immortal, not in the sense of immortality, but in the sense of the transcendent being from Chinese mythology.

Xia is usually translated as hero, but specifically implies a person who is brave, chivalrous, and righteous. During the initial explosion of popularity of Chinese fantasy novels with English-speaking audiences, one of the most popular translation websites was Wuxiaworld. Because of the use of " wuxia " in the name of the site, many readers began to use that term to describe all of genres of Chinese fantasy novels.

In reality, although xianxia shares many characteristics with wuxia, they are in fact separate genres. Later, as more readers came to understand the difference between wuxia and xianxia, they began to use xianxia to refer to all types of Chinese cultivation novels, when in fact there are some unique genres that are not xianxia, such as xuanhuan, qihuan, etc. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Xianxia Novel. Chinese fantasy genre.

Difference between Xianxia,Xuanhuan, and Wuxia

Wuxia World. Retrieved 14 January Genre Hybridisation: Global Cinematic Flow.In martial sects and similar organizations, younger disciples often directly apprentice themselves to an elder. The relationship between Master and Apprentice is deep, akin to Parent-and-Child… and the terms of address within a sect reflect this. Translated as Elder. Translated as Little. A diminutive suffix sometimes appended to the given names of children or close friends. Fatness symbolized wealth, prosperity, happiness, and strength.

The following links have more information:. The following table is not a comprehensive list of the kinship terms. Used to politely address men much older than the speaker. Used to politely address women much older than the speaker. A somewhat antiquated term of address for young ladies. This is also according to their birth order.

Martial Family In martial sects and similar organizations, younger disciples often directly apprentice themselves to an elder. Note: Even disciples without masters still use the following terms. These two terms are relative. Like this: Like Loading By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Cookie Policy.Curabitur in justo suscipit tellus hendrerit aliquam. Cras suscipit, risus a varius commodo, augue odio scelerisque lectus, id fermentum erat lorem ac ante.

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what is xianxia and wuxia

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Wuxia and Xianxia

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